Both these databases SQLite Vs MySQL, are the most widely used databases on the basis of the various purposes which they can serve the best. They are both relational databases along with a lot of differences that exist between them. I’ll explain everything that is necessary for the reader to understand this article. This article will help you in easily choosing the right option from among these two databases.
One can choose any one of them based on their project requirements and the uses cases as both of them can be used for various distinct purposes. I want you to follow along till the end of this article carefully in order to get to know about it in detail. Also, I’ll try to keep things as simple as I can.
1. Understanding SQLite Vs MySQL
1.1 What are databases?
In simple words, the database is an organized system for storing data in a structured and systematic form electronically either online or offline it is controlled by a DBMS and it mostly uses SQL for writing and querying data.
1.2 What is a DBMS(Database Management System)?
A DBMS is also known as Database Management System which is software for storing the data in a database and retrieving it. A DBMS allows users to create as many databases as they wish to according to their requirements. Inside a DBMS there are certain programs that handle or control the database in various ways and make it easy for the user to access it.
1.3 Relational Databases
Relational databases are the type of databases in which there is a relational system between data and is stored accordingly. They are usually in the form of tables i.e. columns and rows. Each column represents attributes and each row represents some record whereas each field in the table stores some data value.
SQL(Structured Query Language) is used in RDBMS as standard and it is used to insert, update, remove, and search the data.
1.4 What is SQL?
SQL is also known as Structured Query Language, which is used in a DBMS for storing and querying or managing data. It is used in the relational type of database management systems and it is also a standard language for such types of databases. The best example for RDBMS which is most widely used today is MySql.
So, SQL databases are those that use SQL as a querying language for storing and managing the data.
1.5 What is SQLite?
SQLite is a relational type data management system that is mostly used in mobile app development and it is not a client-server type database. Rather it is fixed or enrooted into the end program or application. It works with the offline working apps only which store the data offline in this type of database that works within the application. It could also be called an offline database.
SQLite is written in C programming language and it is embedded within the program and one can also use conventional querying with it using SQL(Structured Query Language).
1.6 What is MySQL?
MySQL is an open-source relational database management system for storing data. It is written in C and C++ programming languages and its base were developed by a Swedish company in 1995. One of the most premium features of MySQL is that it is cross-platform and it works for almost any type of platform e.g. Windows, Linux, Mac OS, etc.
It uses SQL(Structured Query Language) which is a standard language for relational types of databases. MySQL is fast and easy to use RDBMS and it is used by all kinds of businesses either small scale or large scale for storing data because we can store data in it persistently.
2. What’s the difference between them / SQLite Vs MySQL?
SQLite Vs MySQL
- SQLite is an open-source database created by D. Richard Hipp in 2000.
- It is an offline database. Meaning thereby, it is an embedded dbms and it doesn’t require a server to run rather it runs within the application.
- SQLite is written in C programming language.
- SQLite uses only 5 type of data types i.e. NULL, BLOB, INTEGER, TEXT, AND REAL.
- It is good in handling concurrency but not as good as anyother client server relatioal database management system.
- In terms of performing common operations, SQLite is much faster then other relational database management systems.
- SQLite is a server-less database and not a server-operated database like MySQL.
- SQLite comes with only few security features which makes it less secure.
- SQLite only supports Left Outer Join.
- It is a purely relational database and it is mainly used in offline apps development.
- MySQL is owned by Oracle and it is also an open-source database management system.
- MySQL is not an embedded database rather it is a client-server database and mostly website use this type of database.
- It is written in C and C++ programming languages.
- In MySQL data types are divided in to three main categories:
- Numeric Data types = 8
- Data and Time types = 5
- String types = 7
- It is much betten in handling concurrency then the SQLite database.
- In terms of performing common operations, MySQL is not as good as SQLite is.
- MySQL is a server-operatied database and it uses FreeBSD, Windows, OS X, Linux, and Solaris server operating systems.
- MySQL is better in terms of security as compared to SQLite.
- MySQL supports the following join functionality: Inner Join, Left Join, Right Join, Outer Join, Cross Join.
- It is a purely relational database and it is mainly used in online apps and websites, etc.
3. Which is the right choice for you / SQLite Vs MySQL?
From the differences drawn above, we can now easily choose the right option. One should use SQLite for simple offline applications in which common database operations are to be performed only as it is not a good choice for an app on which complex database operations are to be performed.
On the other hand, MySQL should be used in online apps and websites as it is a server-operated database. It is one of the most widely used RDBMS around the world and it is also easy to use and manage.
This article takes the readers from the very basic concepts like what are databases to the comprehensive definitions of SQLite database and MySQL database along with a detailed comparison. Now that you have read the article carefully, it is an easy job for you to choose the right option out of these two.
The purpose of discussing all the related concepts is to provide you with a proper understanding of the SQLite database and MySQL database.
Also, let me know in the comment section what do you think about it and what is your preferred choice?