Databases play a vital role in storing the data in a proper format and showing it whenever it is required. The term SQLite Vs MongoDB refers to SQL databases and MongoDB or NoSQL databases. If these are totally new things to you still you don’t have to worry I’ll explain everything that is necessary for you to understand the main topic.
Both SQLite and MongoDB are good in their own way but we can choose anyone out of them based on our requirements and the various use cases that they can serve the best. I want you to follow along till the end of this article carefully in order to get to know about it in detail. Also, I’ll try to keep things as simple as I can.
1. Understanding SQLite Vs MongoDB
1.1 What are SQL Databases or Relational Databases?
Relational databases are the type of databases in which there is a relational system between data that is stored accordingly. They are usually in the form of tables i.e. columns and rows. Each column represents attributes and each row represents some record whereas each field in the table stores some data value.
SQL(Structured Query Language) is used in RDBMS as a standard and it is used to insert, update, remove, and search the data.
1.2 What are NoSQL Databases?
NoSQL databases are those types of databases that do not have a relational type of databases management system nor do they have a predefined structure like an RDBMS. So, Having no predefined schema(structure of the database that defines how the data will be organized in it) makes it perfect for storing a large amount of data. It is very useful for bigger stores and companies for example Facebook, Instagram, and Google store terabytes of user data per day.
1.3 What is SQLite?
SQLite is a relational type data management system that is mostly used in mobile app development and it is not a client-server type database. Rather it is fixed or enrooted into the end program or application. It works with the offline working apps only which store the data offline in this type of database that works within the application. It could also be called an offline database.
SQLite is written in C programming language and it is embedded within the program, one can also use conventional querying with it using SQL(Structured Query Language).
1.4 What is MongoDB?
MongoDB is a non-relational document-oriented database management system which is a NoSQL type of database. It means that it doesn’t rely on the relational table databases system.
Also, there is no need for predefined schemas(skeleton structure of the data in the document) while adding data to the database instead it uses JSON-like documents with dynamic schemas. Basically, the document uses key-value pairs which are the basic system of storing data in MongoDB.
2. What is the difference between them / SQLite Vs MongoDB?
SQLite Vs MongoDB
- SQLite was developed by D. Richard Hipp in 2000.
- SQLite is a relational database and it uses SQL for storing and managing data.
- They have a relational type of database management system and they are in the form of tables i.e. columns and rows.
- The data is stored in a structured form in the form of tables and the data is accessed through those tables whenever needed.
- They have a pre-defined schema.
- It is supported by various platforms and SQLite works only as an offline database.
- It is not the best choice for storing huge amounts of data nor it is preferred by the developers in such a case.
- In SQL databases, data is easily accessible and classifiable but in some cases, certain limitations are seen in them, especially in the case of complex data.
- SQLite is an offline relational database that is embedded within a program or application.
- SQLite is developed in the C programming language.
- It was developed by MongoDB, Inc in 2009.
- It is a NoSQL database and it doesn’t use any SQL(Structured Querying Language) for storing and managing data.
- It is a non-relational type of database management system for storing data.
- MongoDB stores data in an unstructured way and it uses JSON documents for storing data usually in the form of key-value pairs.
- It doesn’t have a pre-defined schema or a skeleton structure for the data.
- It works with almost every platform. Also, it can work as an offline as well as online database management system.
- It is best for storing huge amounts of data and it is the preferred type of DBMS by most large companies.
- MongoDB itself has a very complex system for accessing and classifying the data and it can work with complex data very easily.
- MongoDB is a non-relational database that can’t be embedded within a program or application. It can be used either offline or online.
- MongoDB is developed in C++ programming language.
3. Which one is the right choice for you / SQLite Vs MongoDB?
In my opinion, one should use MongoDB in case he has to store complex and huge amounts of data i.e. Large websites and mobile apps that have a huge amount of data and it needs to be managed online or offline or both.
Whereas SQLite would be the right option in case of an offline mobile app that doesn’t have complex and huge amounts of data. So, take the decision based on your needs and requirements.
This article takes the readers from the very basic concepts like what are databases to the comprehensive definitions of SQLite database and MongoDB along with a detailed comparison. Now that you have read the article carefully, it is an easy job for you to choose the right option out of these two.
The purpose of discussing all the related concepts is to provide you with a proper understanding of the SQLite database and MongoDB.
Also, let me know in the comment section what do you think about it and what is your preferred choice?