Before we go in-depth on our main topic Flutter Vs Swift, let’s have a brief introduction about Flutter and swift first. It’ll help us in understanding the difference between the two more precisely.
Flutter is an open-source cross-platform mobile app development framework. The flutter framework was described in 2015 and flutter 1.0 was launched officially in 2018 whereas the dart programming language was released in 2011.
On the other hand, Swift is a programming language that came as a successor to Objective-C. It was launched in 2014 and it is used to build IOS, Android, and Windows applications as well.
Both the frameworks are designed to make beautiful and efficient cross-platform apps and both are different from each other on various points. I want you to follow along till the end of this article carefully in order to get to know about it in detail.
1. Understanding Flutter and Swift
1.1 What is Flutter?
Flutter is a framework that was described in 2015 and Flutter 1.0 was launched in 2018 by Google. Dart is a very powerful language and it is also easy to learn if you have previously learned Java or any other OOP-based language. Flutter has the specialty of developing apps that are almost equally efficient as the native ones.
Also, you don’t have to design the apps separately for each platform because it works exactly the same on all the platforms. It is worth mentioning here that there is no other cross-platform framework that is as much efficient as Flutter is. One can build apps by using flutter for Android, IOS, Mac OS, and Windows OS.
1.2 What is Swift?
Swift is a programming language developed by Apple in 2014 as a successor to Objective-C. Previously it was able to develop IOS apps only but now it is capable enough to build IOS, Android, and Windows Apps as well. Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, and compiled programming language and it is really easy to build efficient apps with it.
2. What is the difference between Flutter and Swift / Flutter Vs Swift?
Flutter Vs Swift
- It was first described by Google in 2015 and Flutter 1.0 was launched in 2018.
- Flutter is a framework of Dart programming language and it is used to build cross-platform apps.
- Flutter has a lot of UI elements usually in the form of widgets and the UI created with Flutter would run like a native on any platform.
- Flutter has enormous widgets, libraries, tools, etc. because of which the developers don’t have to work that much with UI elements as flutter does much of the job for them. So, it takes much less time in building Android or IOS apps.
- The code for an app in flutter is much less lengthy compared to that in swift.
- In terms of performance, flutter is also good in building nearly native IOS apps. But when the app is of such a type that involves a lot of computation power and native functionalities then it won’t be a good option.
- Flutter being new to the app development industry, its community is still growing. It is seen that a lot of people from around the world are shifting towards Flutter.
- Although Flutter isn’t that mature till now still it is stable. Developers who are using flutter regularly don’t report any serious issues with its stability.
- In terms of development cost, flutter is the game changer because it is capable of building Android and IOS apps on the basis of the same code which is good in performance and UI as well. So, at much less cost we can build both Android and IOS apps.
- Examples of top apps built using Flutter are Google Ads, Xianyu, Hamilton, Postmuse(photo editing app for Instagram), etc.
- It was released in 2014 and it is developed by Apple.
- Swift is a programming language that came as a successor to Objective-C and it is the official language for native-IOS development.
- Swift being the native IOS language allows you to create all the native IOS UI elements but you have to create every UI element from scratch.
- Overall swift isn’t that quick in building IOS apps as compared to flutter as a developer has to develop all the native UI elements from scratch.
- Swift code is much longer compared to that in Flutter. So, if you are building the same app in flutter and swift you’ll see that the code in swift is much lengthier than that in Flutter.
- Swift is a little better than flutter in building hardcore IOS apps that involve a lot of computation power and native functionalities. But other than that flutter performs almost similar to swift programming language.
- Both Swift and Flutter have almost same level of community support. So, we cannot say that one has huge community support as by now it is average for both of them.
- Swift is also stable enough and in terms of IOS development, we can expect even more stability from it as compared to flutter because it is the native language for IOS development.
- Swift’s native IOS development could be more costly for you if you want to build both Android and IOS applications because then you would have to pay an extra amount for an Android App.
- Examples of top native IOS apps built using swift are Google, Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, etc.
3. Which is the right choice for you / Flutter Vs Swift?
In my opinion, Flutter is a much better choice in terms of many important points as we have discussed above. One should go for Swift only if he is building a hardcore IOS app that requires high computation power or utilizes a lot of native functionalities. Other than that Flutter is the best choice to go as it can give a nearly native experience for IOS and Android apps as well.
Those who are new to the world of mobile app development and are confused if they should go for native IOS development using swift or cross-platform app development using Flutter, then they should go for Flutter only as it is the best option for them.
Flutter is a framework for cross-platform mobile app development and Swift is the official language for developing Native IOS mobile applications and both are being used by the developer community. But after getting a proper understanding of these two frameworks from this article along with a detailed comparison, the readers can easily choose which is the best option out of these two.
Also, let me know in the comment section what do you think about it and what would be your preferred choice?