Home » Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL | The Ultimate Guide

Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL | The Ultimate Guide

difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL

In order to understand the difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL, it is important for us to have a brief introduction to both these databases. MySQL is a relational database management system that is also considered fast in terms of its read speed. It is older than PostgreSQL. PostgreSQL is the most advanced relational database management system and it is also considered fast in terms of its read speed.

Both the databases have some main differences that I’ll point out later in the article. Also, I’ll try to explain everything that is necessary for you to understand this article. I want you to follow along till the end of this article in order to get to know about it in detail.

1. Understanding MySQL Vs PostgreSQL

1.1 What is a Database?

In simple words, the database is an organized system for storing data in a structured and systematic form electronically either online or offline it is controlled by a DBMS and it mostly uses SQL for writing and querying data.

1.2 What is DBMS(Database Management System)?

A DBMS is also known as Database Management System which is software for storing the data in a database and retrieving it. A DBMS allows users to create as many databases as they wish to according to their requirements. Inside a DBMS there are certain programs that handle or control the database in various ways and make it easy for the user to access it.

1.3 SQL Databases or Relational Databases

Relational databases are the type of databases in which there is a relational system between data that is stored accordingly. They are usually in the form of tables i.e. columns and rows. Each column represents attributes and each row represents some record whereas each field in the table stores some data value.

SQL(Structured Query Language) is used in RDBMS as a standard and it is used to insert, update, remove, and search the data.

1.4 What is SQL?

SQL is also known as Structured Query Language, which is used in a DBMS for storing and querying or managing data. It is used in the relational type of database management systems and it is also a standard language for such types of databases. The best example of RDBMS which is most widely used today is MySql.

So, SQL databases are those that use SQL as a querying language for storing and managing the data.

1.5 What is MySQL Database?

MySQL is an open-source relational database management system for storing data. It is written in C and C++ programming languages and its base were developed by a Swedish company in 1995. One of the most premium features of MySQL is that it is cross-platform and it works for almost any type of platform e.g. Windows, Linux, Mac OS, etc.

It uses SQL(Structured Query Language) which is a standard language for relational types of databases. MySQL is a fast and easy-to-use RDBMS and it is used by all kinds of businesses either small scale or large scale for storing data because we can store data in it persistently.

1.6 What is PostgreSQL Database?

PostgreSQL is also an open-source relational database management system for storing data. It is written in C programming languages and it is developed by Michael Stonebraker in 1986. PostgreSQL is also cross-platform and it works for almost any type of platform.

It uses SQL(Structured Query Language) which is a standard language for relational types of databases. It is loved by its community and also it is in use by many large companies.

2. What is the difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL?

Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL

MySQL

  • MySQL is owned by Oracle and it is an open-source database management system.
  • MySQL is much more popular and it is one of the most widely used database management systems in the world.
  • MySQL is faster and more efficient in terms of memory performance and intensive reading operations.
  • It has a drawback that it has some functional limitations i.e. it lacks support for FULL JOIN.
  • MySQL is a purely relational database management system.
  • It adheres to SQL standards but not as closely as PostgreSQL does.
  • MySQL is better at handling concurrency but it is not best for it.
  • MySQL is not that extensible and lacks support for advanced data types.
  • It is a conventional relational database and it is not as friendly toward the integration of new data sources and extensions as PostgreSQL is.
  • In terms of security, MySQL is somewhat equally good as PostgreSQL.

PostgreSQL

  • PostgreSQL is liberally licensed and it is owned by its community.
  • PostgreSQL is new and it is not as popular as MySQL, it is also a widely used DBMS.
  • PostgreSQL is not as efficient as MySQL is in terms of memory performance and intensive reading operations.
  • It doesn’t have as many functional limitations as there are in MySQL and it also has support for FULL JOIN functionality.
  • PostgreSQL is an object-relational database management system.
  • It adheres to SQL standards more closely as compared to MySQL database.
  • It is much better than MySQL in handling concurrency.
  • PostgreSQL is much more extensible the MySQL and it supports a lot of advanced data types that are not available in MySQL.
  • It is more friendly towards the integration of new data sources and extensions.
  • PostgreSQL comes with built-in support for SSL certificates whereas MySQL has built-in support for TLS.

Related:
PostgreSQL Vs SQLite: 10 Key Differences To Make Right Choice
Difference between SQL and MySQL | Is it a Fair Comparison?
SQLite vs MySQL in [2022]: 10-Point Head-to-Head Comparison

3. Which is the right choice for you MySQL or PostgreSQL?

From the differences drawn above, both of them have their own pros and cons. If you are working on a simple project that doesn’t require any complexity then MySQL is an ideal choice for you. But if your project requires high extensibility, scalability, and complex data operations that should adhere more to the SQL standards then you should go for a PostgreSQL database management system.

4. Conclusion

This article takes the readers from the very basic concepts like what are databases to the comprehensive definitions of MySQL database and PostgreSQL database along with a detailed comparison. Now that you have read the article carefully, it is an easy job for you to choose the right option out of these two.

The purpose of discussing all the related concepts is to provide you with a proper understanding of the MySQL database and PostgreSQL database.

Also, let me know in the comment section what do you think about it and what is your preferred choice?

Summary
Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL | The Ultimate Guide
Article Name
Difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL | The Ultimate Guide
Description
Understand what is MySQL and PostgreSQL, and Learn a 10-Point detailed difference between MySQL and PostgreSQL to make the right choice[2022]
Author
Publisher Name
Malik Kamal Akbar

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