Home » C++ Vs Java [2022]: Which Language You Should Learn And Why?

C++ Vs Java [2022]: Which Language You Should Learn And Why?

C++ Vs Java

Before we go in-depth on our main topic C++ Vs Java, it is important for us to have a brief introduction of both these languages. Java is a programming language that first appeared in 1995 and it is now about 26 years old. Java has been the pioneer language in development because of its speed and efficiency since its arrival. Still, it is being used for a lot of purposes in which no other language is even a close match to Java.

On the other hand, C++ was released in 1980 and since that day it is still serving some of its best uses even today it is very popular and the best choice for operating system development.

Also, I’ll explain everything that is necessary for the readers to understand this article completely. I want you to follow along till the end of this article carefully in order to get to know about it in detail.

1. Understanding C++ Vs Java

1.1 What is Java?

Java was previously owned and first introduced by sun microsystems but later sun microsystems was acquired by oracle corporation which is its current owner. Java is a high-level class-based object-oriented programming language in which every object is dealt with as an object. The best thing about it is that it can be run on any platform no matter if it is windows or mac.

The Java Program code is compiled from a .java file and code is generated in the form of a .class file which is known as bytecode. This bytecode is capable of running on any platform no matter if it’s windows or mac simply with the help of an interpreter called JVM(Java Virtual Machine). It interprets the bytecode into machine code which is readable and executed by the machine.

Related: How long does it take to learn Java? | Explained

1.2 What is C++?

C++ was created by Bjarne Stroustrup. Initially, both C and C++ were considered high-level languages in the beginning but later on with the advent of other high-level languages like Java, now both C and C++ are considered low-level languages.

It is also a general-purpose language as it can serve multiple purposes and it is not built for one specific job. It is an OOP-based programming language that’s why it is more secure than C. Its syntax is also similar to the C programming language.

Related: How long does it take to learn C++? | The Ultimate Guide [2022]

2. What is the difference between them / C++ Vs Java?

C++ Vs Java

C++

  • C++ is a language that is based on C and its syntax is also similar to C but it came with a lot of features that were improved and worked better than C and even a lot of new stuff was introduced to it.
  • C++ is also platform independent but not in the sense as Java is, but it is based on the principle ‘WOCA(write once and compile anywhere)’. It means that you have to compile the program every time whenever you take it to a different platform.
  • C++ is a Compiled language, it means that every time you have to run its program on a different platform you have to compile it again for that platform, and only then it’ll be able to run on it.
  • There is no automatic memory management in C, C++, and C# programming languages.
  • C++ is considered a low-level programming language, which means it is difficult to read and understand but easier for the machine to understand and it is also faster than Java programming language.
  • It is one of the best languages for game development, and it is also used for GUI-based application development, Database software development like MySQL, Operating system development e.g. both Apple and Microsoft use it in their OS development, Interpreter development like Java and JavaScript interpreters, and Browser development e.g. Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, Chrome, etc.
  • C++ is not as portable as Java is but it is platform dependent programming language.
  • C++ isn’t that convenient for enterprise-level application development because being a low-level language its syntax makes it difficult for the developers to easily understand it to make complex programs and deploy the required business logic.
  • It is best for developing graphics designing software that requires fast rendering e.g. adobe uses it in its software development.
  • C++ has no built-in support for multi-threading.

Java

  • Java came out as a solution for some tasks that both C and C++ were not capable of doing or not as efficient as Java can. That was also one of the main reasons that Java gets so popular among the developer community.
  • Java is a platform-independent language which means that it is based on the principle ‘WORA(write once and run anywhere)’. It means that you have to compile the program only once and it’ll be able to run on any platform.
  • Java is an interpreted language, which means that when the java program code is compiled it generates a code called bytecode and this bytecode is then interpreted using an interpreter called JVM(Java Virtual Machine). This JVM interprets it to the machine code for execution.
  • Java is much more secure and makes the job easy for developers because it has automatic memory management and garbage collection.
  • It is a high-level programming language, it means that it is easy for the human to understand, write and learn because its syntax is easy to read as compared to C but it is also slower than C because it is not directly compiled to machine code.
  • It is used for Mobile application development, desktop application development, web-based application development, game development, dealing with big data, cloud-based application development, IoT application, and Enterprise application development.
  • Java is a highly portable language i.e. you can take the bytecode anywhere and you can run it on any platform.
  • Java is the most popular programming language even today for Enterprise level application development.
  • It is not best known for graphics designing software development because it is not as fast as the C++ programming language.
  • Java has built-in support for multi-threading which is a very useful feature and it can be used for developing multi-player games, etc.

Related: Difference Between C and Java?: Are they worth your time? [2022]

3. Which is the right choice for you / C++ Vs Java?

Both C++ and Java are great languages and one cannot replace the other because both of them serve their respective purposes well. If you want to choose a language for game development, desktop applications, GUI applications, and operating system development then you should go for the C++ programming language.

On the other hand, if you wish to choose a language for mobile app development, web-based applications, cloud-based applications, and especially large enterprise-level applications then you are good to go with the Java programming language.

4. Conclusion

C++ and Java are both great languages and one cannot say that one of them can replace the other. But each of them is good for different reasons. So, instead of thinking about which is best among these, one should think that which of them is the best choice for our project based on the requirements of our project.

Whether C++ fulfills your project requirements or Java, the one that is best suited for your project is the right choice for you. Also, I’ve discussed all the relative concepts in this article in order to provide you with a proper understanding of both these languages.

Let me know in the comment section what do you think about it and what is your preferred choice out of these?

Summary
C++ Vs Java [2022]: Which Language You Should Learn And Why?
Article Name
C++ Vs Java [2022]: Which Language You Should Learn And Why?
Description
The Ultimate Guide To C++ Vs Java: What is Java? What is C++? 10 Most Useful Differences b/w them? Which is right choice for you to learn?
Author
Publisher Name
Malik Kamal Akbar

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